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Comparators for the Definition of Surface Quality of Castings

Purchasers of castings can specify and assess surface quality and surface texture more accurately and definitively using tactile comparators developed by Castings Technology International (Cti).  These provide a practical and functional alternative to photographic representation of casting surfaces in standards such as MSS SP-55-2001

More than 2000 of these sets of comparators are used around the world by multi-national companies and by small enterprises.  The durable plastic comparator plates, actual replicas of relevant characteristics of surface finish, have proved to be a more attractive way of reaching agreement with casting suppliers on the required surface quality during contract negotiations.  They also provide a basis for acceptance of the castings after order placement.

 

The comparators form the basis of ASTM A802/A802M – 95 (2006) Standard Practice for Steel Castings, Surface Acceptance Standards, Visual Examination.  This standard comprises 31 comparators that define features such as:

  • Surface Roughness (A)
  • Surface Inclusions (B)
  • Gas Porosity (C)
  • Laps and Cold Shuts (D)
  • Scabs (E)
  • Chaplets (F)
  • Surface Finish – Thermal Dressing (G)
  • Surface Finish – Mechanical Dressing (H)
  • Welds (J)
  • Hot Tears
  • Mechanical Dressing - Chipping
 

Number of Comparators

Comparator Categories

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

J

Hot Tears

Chipping

ASTM A802

31

1-4

1,2,
4,5

1-4

1,2,
5

3,5

1,3

1,2,
3,5

1,3,
4,5

1,2,
3,5

-

-

A larger, 48 comparator set applies to ISO 11971:2008 Steel and Iron Castings – Visual examination of surface quality; BS EN 1370:1997 Founding – Surface roughness inspection by visual tactile comparators; BS EN 12454:1998 Founding. Visual examination of surface discontinuities. Steel sand castings.  (Companies that already have the ‘short’ ASTM A802 set can upgrade to the larger set by purchasing the 17 additional comparator plates).

 

Number of Comparators

Comparator Categories

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

J

Hot Tears

Chipping

Full Set

48

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-5

1-2

1

Upgrade to Full Set

17

5

3

5

3,4

1,2,4

2,4,5

4

2

4

1-2

1

A third set of 14 comparators, the basis of BS 7900:1998 Specification for examination of the surface texture of precision steel castings, is applicable to the procurement of steel castings manufactured by precision casting techniques: 

  • Resin Shell Process (V)
  • Lost Polystyrene Process (W)
  • Shaw Process (X)
  • Lost Wax Process (Y)
  • Fettled Surfaces (Z)
 

Number of Comparators

Comparator Categories

V

W

X

Y

Z

Precision Set

14

1-3

1-3

1-3

1-2

1-3

Prices are as follows:

ASTM A802 set (31 comparators)    
£1,275
‘FULL SET’ (48 comparators)   
£1,625
‘UPGRADE SET’ (17 comparators)  
£875
‘PRECISION CASTINGS’ (14 comparators and a copy of BS 7900:1998
£725


Payment before delivery (pro-forma invoice); shipping charges are extra. Payment can be made by credit card or BACS.

For information regarding prices and availability, please contact Karen Stott.